Effects of xylanase supplementation on the apparent digestibility and digestible content of energy, amino acids, phosphorus, and calcium in wheat and wheat by-products from dry milling fed to grower pigs

    Wheat by-products are feedstuffs that vary in nutritional value, partly because of arabinoxylans that limit nutrient digestibility. Millrun is a by-product from dry milling wheat into flour and contains varying amounts of the bran, middlings, screening, and shorts fractions. The digestible nutrient content of millrun is not well known. Effects of xylanase supplementation (0 or 4,000 units/kg of diet) on energy, AA, P, and Ca digestibilities were studied in a wheat control diet and 5 diets containing 30% of a by-product (millrun, middlings, shorts, screening, or bran) in a 2 z 6 factorial arrangement of treatments. The wheat control diet was formulated to contain 3.34 Mcal of DE/kg and 3.0 g of standardized ileal digestible Lys/Mcal of DE. Diets contained 0.4% chromic oxide. Each of 12 ileal-cannulated pigs (32.5 2.5 kg) was fed 6 or 7 of 12 diets at 3 times the DE requirement for maintenance in successive 10-d periods for 6 or 7 observations per diet. Feces and ileal digesta were each collected for 2 d. Xylanase tended to increase (P < 0.10) ileal energy digestibility by 2.2 percentage units and the DE content by 0.10 Mcal/kg of DM and increased (P < 0.05) ileal DM digestibility by 2.8 percentage units, a diet z xylanase interaction was not observed. Xylanase increased (P < 0.05) total tract energy and DM digestibilities and the DE content. A diet z xylanase interaction was observed, xylanase increased (P < 0.05) total tract energy digestibility of the millrun diet from 72.1 to 78.9%, DE content from 3.19 to 3.51 Mcal/kg of DM, and DM digestibility from 71.5 to 78.6%. Diet affected (P < 0.05) and xylanase improved (P < 0.05) digestibility and digestible contents of some AA in diets and by-products, including Lys, Thr, and Val. Xylanase increased (P < 0.05) Lys digestibility by 13.8, 5.0, 5.2, 6.0, and 14.1 percentage units in millrun, middlings, shorts, screening, and bran, respectively. Diet affected (P < 0.01) total tract P and Ca digestibilities. Xylanase increased (P < 0.05) digestible P and Ca contents. In summary, nutrient digestibility varies among wheat by-products. Millrun contained 2.65 Mcal of DE/kg of DM, which xylanase increased to 3.56 Mcal of DE/kg of DM. Xylanase improved nutrient digestibility and DE content in wheat by-products, and the extent of improvement depended on the by-product. Xylanase supplementation may maximize opportunities to include wheat by-products in swine diets and ameliorate reductions in nutrient digestibility that may be associated with arabinoxylans
    Document information
    Product / service: Carbohydrases and Proteases
    Publication date: 01/01/2007
    Species: Pig
    Authors: Nortey TN, Patience JF, Sands JS, Trottier NL, Zijlstra RT
    Doctype: Publications & Citations
    Publication / conference: Journal of Animal Science
    Regions and countries: Global
    Keywords: amino, acid, acids, apparent, digestibility, arabinoxylan, arabinoxylans, bran, by-products, ca, calcium, chromic, oxide, content, contents, control, de, diet, diets, digesta, digestibilities, dm, effects, energy, feces, feedstuff, feedstuffs, flour, fractions, grower, pigs, ileal, interaction, maintenance, milling, nutrient, nutritional, value, observation, p, per, phosphorus, pig, requirement, screening, supplementation, swine, time, treatment, wheat, xylanase
    Production challenge(s): Gut health
    Diets: Wheat, rye & triticale, Wheat, rye and tricale containing by-products
    Brands: Axtra® AB, Porzyme® 9300, Porcheck, Danisco Xylanase
    Resource ref: 10332
    This material is related to a conference
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