Effects of individual or combined xylanase and phytase supplementation on energy, amino acid, and phosphorus digestibility and growth performance of grower pigs fed wheat-based diets containing wheat millrun1

    The objective of these studies was to determine if dietary enzymes increase the digestibility of nutrients bound by nonstarch polysaccharides, such as arabinoxylans, or phytate in wheat millrun. Effects of millrun inclusion rates (20 or 40%), xylanase (0 or 4,375 units/kg of feed), and phytase (0 or 500 phytase units/kg of feed) on nutrient digestibility and growth performance were investigated in a 2 z 2 z 2 factorial arrangement with a wheat control diet (0% millrun). Diets were formulated to contain 3.34 Mcal of DE/kg and 3.0 g of true ileal digestible Lys/Mcal of DE and contained 0.4% chromic oxide. Each of 18 cannulated pigs (36.2 1.9 kg of BW) was fed 3 diets at 3z maintenance in successive 10-d periods for 6 observations per diet. Feces and ileal digesta were collected for 2 d. Ileal energy digestibility was reduced (P < 0.01) linearly by millrun and increased by xylanase (P < 0.01) and phytase (P < 0.05). Total tract energy digestibility was reduced linearly by millrun (P < 0.01) and increased by xylanase (P < 0.01). For 20% millrun, xylanase plus phytase improved DE content from 3.53 to 3.69 Mcal/kg of DM, a similar content to that of the wheat control diet (3.72 Mcal/kg of DM). Millrun linearly reduced (P< 0.01) ileal digestibility of Lys, Thr, Met, Ile, and Val. Xylanase improved (P < 0.05) ileal digestibility of Ile. Phytase improved ileal digestibility of Lys, Thr, Ile, and Val (P < 0.05). Millrun linearly reduced (P < 0.05) total tract P and Ca digestibility and retention. Phytase (P< 0.01) and xylanase (P < 0.05) improved total tract P digestibility, and phytase and xylanase tended to improve (P < 0.10) P retention. Phytase improved Ca digestibility (P < 0.05) and retention (P < 0.01). The 9 diets were also fed for 35 d to 8 individually housed pigs (36.2 3.4 kg of BW) per diet. Millrun reduced (P < 0.05) ADFI, ADG, and final BW. Xylanase increased (P < 0.05) G:F, phytase reduced (P < 0.05) ADFI, and xylanase tended to reduce (P = 0.07) ADFI. In summary, millrun reduced energy, AA, P, and Ca digestibility and growth performance compared with the wheat control diet. Xylanase and phytase improved energy, AA, and P digestibility, indicating that nonstarch polysaccharides and phytate limit nutrient digestibility in wheat by-products. The improvement by xylanase of energy digestibility coincided with improved G:F but did not translate into improved ADG
    Document information
    Product / service: Carbohydrases and Proteases
    Publication date: 01/01/2007
    Species: Pig, Grower/finisher
    Authors: Nortey TN, Patience JF, Simmins PH, Trottier NL, Zijlstra RT
    Doctype: Publications & Citations
    Publication / conference: Journal of Animal Science, volume 85
    Regions and countries: Global
    Keywords: amino, acid, arabinoxylan, arabinoxylans, bound, bw, ca, cannulated, pigs, chromic, oxide, content, control, dan, de, diet, dietary, enzyme, enzymes, diets, digesta, digestibilities, digestibility, dm, effects, energy, feces, feed, grower, growth, performance, ileal, inclusion, key, maintenance, nutrient, nutrients, observation, p, p-digestibility, per, phosphorus, phytase, phytate, pig, polysaccharide, polysaccharides, retention, supplementation, wheat, xylanase
    Production challenge(s): Gut health
    Diets: All diets
    Brands: Danisco Xylanase
    Resource ref: 9378
    This material is related to a conference
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