Ileal digestibility and endogenous flow of minerals and amino acids: responses to dietary phytic acid in piglets

    Effects of phytic acid (PA) on ileal mineral and amino acid (AA) digestibilities and ileal endogenous AA flow in piglets were investigated. Seven ileal-cannulated weanling pigs were fed a casein-maize starch-based diet with PA (as sodium phytate) at 0, 5, 10 or 20 g/kg in 4 o 4 Latin square design with three added columns to give seven observations per treatment. The basal diet was formulated to meet National Research Council energy and AA requirements for piglets. The respective digestibility and endogenous lysine loss were determined by indicator and homoarginine methods. The apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of Na, K and P was linearly and quadratically reduced (P,0o05) by increased dietary PA concentration, whereas that of Ca and Mg was only linearly reduced (P,0o05) by the dietary PA. The AID values for Mg and Na were negative (20o03 and 20o18, respectively) when PA was supplemented at 20 g/kg. The AID of isoleucine, leucine and valine responded quadratically to dietary PA concentration, though the differences between the AID values of the AA due to change in dietary PA concentration were marginal (at most by 1o8 percentage units). Furthermore, dietary PA did not affect (P.0o05) endogenous AA losses. The results suggest that PA has limited effect on the digestibility and endogenous losses of AA in piglets, but can reduce AID of Mg and Na partly by increasing endogenous losses of these minerals as evidenced by their negative AID values
    Document information
    Product / service: Carbohydrases and Proteases
    Publication date: 01/01/2009
    Species: Pig, Nursery/piglet
    Authors: Woyengo TA, Cowieson AJ, Adeola O, Nyachoti CM
    Doctype: Publications & Citations
    Publication / conference: Anon
    Regions and countries: Global
    Keywords: amino, acid, acids, apparent, ileal, digestibility, ca, concentration, diet, dietary, digestibilities, effects, endogenous, loss, losses, lysine, energy, homoarginine, isoleucine, leucine, method, methods, mineral, minerals, observation, p, per, phytate, phytic, pig, piglet, piglets, pigs, requirement, requirements, research, response, sodium, treatment, valine, weanling
    Production challenge(s): Gut health
    Diets: Maize, Mixed grain
    Brands: Axtra® AB, Axtra® XAP, Axtra® PHY, Phyzyme® XP, Optimize Feed, Phycheck, FASTKit assay
    Resource ref: 10236
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