Efficacy of phytases on egg production and nutrient digestibility in layers fed reduced phosphorus diets

    The effects of phytases on the performance of layers and the ileal nutrient digestibility of corn-, soybean-, and by-product meal-based diets were assessed with 320 Hy-Line brown layers from 23 to 28 wk of age. Layers were grouped randomly into 5 treatments, with 8 replicates per treatment and 8 layers per replicate. The 5 diets consisted of a positive control diet with adequate Ca (3.30%), total P (0.50%), and nonphytate P (NPP, 0.28%), and a negative control diet with Ca reduced by 0.12%, total P reduced by 0.14%, NPP reduced by 0.13%, and 3 phytases (phytase A derived from Aspergillus niger, and phytases B and C derived from Escherichia coli) supplemented at 300 phytase units/kg of feed, respectively. Egg production and feed intake were recorded daily, and eggshell quality and ileal nutrient digestibility were measured at the end of a 6-wk feeding period. The results revealed that the reduction of Ca and P from the positive control diet significantly depressed feed intake, egg mass, eggshell hardness, and the digestibility of N, Ca, P, and amino acids (P < 0.05). Phytase supplementation in the negative control diet improved the digestibility of P and Ca by 11.08 and 9.81% (P < 0.05), respectively, whereas it improved the digestibility of amino acids by 2 to 8% (P < 0.05). However, the digestibility of most amino acids was not restored to the levels of the positive control diet by the application of phytases. Supplementing phytases in the negative control diet improved the rate of lay, egg mass, and egshell quality to the levels of birds fed the positive control diet. These results suggest that supplementing phytases can improve the digestibility not only of Ca and P, but also of amino acids in layers fed a corn-, soybean-, and by-product-based diet
    Document information
    Product / service: Phytases
    Publication date: 01/01/2007
    Species: Poultry, Layer/breeder
    Authors: Liu N, Liu GH, Li FD, Sands JS, Zhang S, Zheng AJ, Ru YJ
    Doctype: Publications & Citations
    Publication / conference: Poultry Science, volume 86 issue 11
    Regions and countries: Global
    Keywords: age, amino, acid, acids, animal, application, aspergillus, niger, birds, ca, china, coli, control, corn, dan, diet, diets, digestibilities, digestibility, of, effects, efficacy, egg, mass, production, eggshell, quality, escherichia, feed, intake, feeding, hardness, ileal, layer, layers, n, nutrient, p, per, performance, phosphorus, phytase, phytases, soybean, supplementation, total, treatment
    Production challenge(s): Gut health
    Diets: Corn, broken rice, sorghum & wheat by products, Corn, broken rice, wheat, Corn, broken rice, sorghum
    Brands: Axtra® PHY, Phyzyme® XP, Optimize Feed, Phycheck, FASTKit assay
    Resource ref: 9650
    This material is related to a conference
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