Phytase supplementation of maize sorghum and wheat-based broiler diets with identified starch pasting properties influences phytate (IP6) and sodium jejunal and ileal digestibility paper

    The effects of phytase supplementation on growth performance, nutrient utilisation, starch and protein digestive dynamics in broiler chickens offered maize-, sorghum- and wheat-based diets were determined in a previous study (Liu et al., 2014). Responses to phytase were most pronounced in maize-based diets, which suggest that more phytate was degraded in these diets. Relevant retained samples of grain, diets and digesta from four small intestinal segments were retrospectively analysed for concentrations of phytate, sodium and starch pasting properties to investigate the hypothesis that phytate in maize-based diets was more completely degraded by exogenous phytase. Exogenous phytase significantly (P<0.001) degraded dietary phytate in the proximal jejunum, distal jejunum, proximal ileum and distal ileum and increased distal ileal phytate digestibility coefficients from 0.238 to 0.631. There were significant differences (P<0.001) between diets based on maize (0.515), wheat (0.449) and sorghum (0.340) for distal ileal phytate digestibility coefficients. Phytase accelerated phytate disappearance rates from all four segments and increased distal ileal phytate disappearance rates from 201 to 535 mg/bird/day. This was significantly more pronounced in maize (459 mg/bird/day) than in diets based on sorghum (301 mg/bird/day) and wheat (343 mg/bird/day). Sodium digestibility coefficients were significantly improved (P<0.01) by exogenous phytase in proximal jejunum, distal jejunum and proximal ileum. Exogenous phytase significantly influenced starch properties of experimental diets determined by rapid visco-analysis (RVA). There were significant negative correlations between RVA setback viscosity of starch in experimental diets and starch digestibility coefficients at the distal jejunum (r = −0.438; P<0.01) and proximal ileum (r = −0.591; P<0.001) determined.
    Document information
    Product / service: Phytases
    Publication date: 08/10/2014
    Species: Broiler
    Authors: Truong, HH, Yu S, Peron A, Cadogan DJ, Khoddami, A, Roberts, TH, Liu, SY, Selle PH
    Doctype: Publications & Citations
    Publication / conference: Animal Feed Science and Technology
    Regions and countries:
    Keywords: sodium, starch
    Production challenge(s): Phytate degredation to improve profitability and performance
    Diets: All diets
    Brands: Axtra® PHY
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